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Lessons To Learn From Hazrat Umar Farooq (RA) March 11, 2013

Filed under: Prophet's Companions — Faiz @ 9:13 am
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Gems of Wisdom by Ameer al-Mu’mineen
The Teachings Of Sayyiduna ‘Umar al-Farooq Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho

  • To eat less is healthy, to speak less is wisdom, and to sleep less is worship.
  • To speak less is wisdom, to eat less is healthy and to mingle less with the people is safe and serene.
  • The one who steps back will not progress.
  • Nothing is worst that avarice that destroys the mind, not even Alcohol.
  • It is unbecoming of that person who sits with his hands folded and prays to ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala for sustenance. ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala does not rain down gold and silver from the heavens.
  • To earn a suspicious living is worse than begging.
  • The biggest gift after Iman (Faith) is your wives.
  • Attain knowledge before old age settles in.
  • Extravagance is also when a person eats whatever he wishes.
  • Whosoever hides his secret keeps his safety, safeguarded with himself.
  • The person who calls himself learned, indeed he is ignorant, and the one who calls himself from the dwellers of Paradise surely he is from the dwellers of Hell.
  • Tawbatun-NasooHa (Accepted forgiveness) is the name of that forgiveness that is asked for a bad deed committed, in such a manner that he never returns to or commits that bad deed again.
  • The Strength in action is, never to put of what you can do today for tomorrow.
  • It is not becoming of a Muslim to sit down and start praying for sustenance without attempting to earn it, he is well aware that gold and silver does not rain from the skies.
  • If it wasn’t for the claim of knowledge of the unknown then I would say five people are from the dwellers of Paradise:
  1. That family man who is poverty stricken but is patient
  2. That women with whom her husband is happy and accepting.
  3. That woman who forgives he husband’s duty of Mehr (Dowry approved by Muslim law)
  4. That person with whom his parents are Happy
  5. And that person who honestly repents from his sins
  • Once a sheep was slaughtered and Syeduna ‘Umar al-Farooq Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho persistently asked his servant if he had first sent meat to his neighbour who was a Jew. The slave asked why you are asking the same question persistently. He answered that ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala and his Rasūl Sallallaho Alaihi wa Sallam had constantly stressed the importance of neighbors therefore I too am persistent in stressing the same.
  • Three things build love:
  1. To make Salam (greeting)
  2. To make space for a person in a gathering
  3. To address a person in a respectable and good manner
  •  There are four types of Regrets:
  1. Regret that spans over a day e.g. When a person leaves his home without eating.
  2. Regret that spans over a year, just like the negligence shown when cultivating.
  3. Regret that spans over a lifetime, when a man and his wife are unsuited to each other.
  4. Regret that is eternal, which is when your Creator is unhappy with you.
  • There are three types of people:
  1. Successful: he who listens to the advice of people and ponders over it.
  2. Lazy or Lethargic: he who does what he wants without consultation or advice of people.
  3. Corpse: who neither gives nor listens to advice and consolation.
  • Sayyiduna ‘Umar Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho on many an occasion asked this du’a (supplication) to ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala so that certain situations should always remain with him and some things should be removed, the Du’a is: “O ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala! Make me such that I may speak with intellect or reap tolerance with silent. O! ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala do not bestow upon me too many favours, so that I may not be confused by it, not too little that I may forget You. Hence, little yet sufficient in comparison to having plenty thereby becoming indulgent and committing sin.”
  • If ever you see a learned person (‘Aalim) leaning towards this World, then know this he is blameworthy for his Religion, because the universal harm is that if a person desires something then he is constantly engrossed in its quest.
  • Faith (Iman) is to regard the Oneness of ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala in ones heart proclaim it with your tongue and to obey the fundamental Islamic Instructions.
  • The relationship of true humility and genuine fear of ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala is with the heart and not by a show of outward actions.
  • Why have you made slaves of those whose mothers had given birth to them free?
  • Judgments or Settlements in any cases should be done quickly, so that the accused, due to a prolonged period of time are not compelled to withdraw their accusation.
  • It is absolutely necessary not to associate with a beast for though he wishes or means well, yet he would still be accused of committing a crime.
  • ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala, shower your Blessings of Mercy on that person who informs me of my faults.
  • When a learned man takes a false step then he ensnares himself in a World of wrongdoings.
  • One day a man was praising Hadrat ‘Umar Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho, he replied by saying why are you destroying me even more with my desires (Nafs).
  • I do not look at anything, except, that I see everything with ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala.
  • If I die in this condition that I have strived to earn an honest living then it is more beloved to me than even dying as a Martyr.
  • Good behavior towards people is equivalent to wisdom, to request politely is half of knowledge, and to ascribe to sound policies is half of one’s livelihood.
  • To educate a material person is like placing a sword in the hands of a robber.
  • Do not have Faith in a person’s compassion and politeness when he cannot keep his anger under control.
  • Do not have Faith in a religious person who is not tested during temptation.
  • He is a friend who brings to your attention your faults and to sing praises of a person in his presence is similar to slaughtering him.
  • Laughing decreases ones age, while politeness, glamour, pomp and show which ease living standards are indications of people who are unaware of death.
  • To show greed and avarice is impoverishing, to be unselfish is enriching and to wish compensation in patience.
  • Good deeds are the fulfillment of one’s rights and to do good deeds is a substitute for bad deeds.
  • To speak less is wisdom, to eat less is healthy, to sleep less is a prayer and there is peace in solitude.
  • Youth before old age and old age before death is a blessing of life.
  • A generous person is the beloved of Almighty ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala even though he is a transgressor. A miser is the enemy of Almighty ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala although he may pray and remember Almighty ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala excessively.
  • To forgive an oppressor is oppression upon the oppressed.
  • When you combine lawful with unlawful gains then the unlawful contaminates the lawful gains though it may be little.
  • A Mu’min does not keep as his friend one who is opposed to Almighty ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala and his Prophet Sallallaho Alaihi wa Sallam even though that person may be his mother or father.
  • The sound of music and that of a mourner are two of the worst sounds.
  • There is tranquility and peace in anonymity and confidentiality.
  • We should leave the other nine portions out for the fear of Haram (unlawful). (i.e. if in ten portions one is Haram a Muslim would leave the other nine portions out meaning anything unlawful would be completely left out).
  • Desire is never achieved without fear, nor manners and etiquette without formality, or happiness without peace or wealth without gifts or poverty without contentment, or dignity without politeness or Jihad (holy war) without diving guidance and assistance.
  • Respite before preoccupation and old age before death is a blessing of life.
  • Honour and dignity in this World is measured by wealth while honour and dignity in the Hereafter is measured by good deeds.
  • Save yourself from the Fires of Hell even if it means by doing a favour with half a date (fruit). If this too is not possible then with sweet words.
  • After Iman (Faith), there is no greater gift than a pious wife.
  • Not to postpone is strength in action.
  • Whosoever shows you your faults, he is your friend. Those that pay you lip service in praise are your executioners.
  • One who guards his secrets is surely safe.
  • The person who constantly discloses my faults to me is dearest to me.
  • Fear that person who you dislike.
  • When Sayyiduna ‘Umar Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho camped on the outskirts of Jerusalem to conquer Bait al-Maqdas, the Christian Crusaders were terrified of his presence and requested a meeting with him before handing over the keys of the city. The Crusaders met him whilst he wore a patched garb. They asked him the reason as to why his name generated such immence awe and fear that captured the hearts of his enemies. He replied; “Your kings taught you to love the World (Duniyah) and its wealth and our Prophet Sallallaho Alaihi wa Sallam taught us to fear ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala and love death.
  • He is an intelligent person who can translate his actions into good.
  • Never put off for tomorrow what you can do today.
  • There is never a chance of pain in the neck if one does not raise his head too high in the air.
  • Do not forget about yourself whilst being concerned for others.
  • To stop sinning is easier than to bear the burden of seeking repentance.
  • Remove your gaze from the splendor of the World. Do not let the love of this World enter your heart. Beware! The love of this World does not perhaps destroy you, just as it had destroyed previous nations.
  • Victory is gained through strategy and trust in ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala, not by wishful thinking.
  • The most intelligent amongst you is he who fears ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala the most.
  • Be sympathetic towards the poor so that they may be able to speak and build courage.
  • Extend a hand of friendship to a foreigner because if his stay is extended then he would leave his valuable possessions to return to his own country and leave that person responsible for his valuables who had been most worthy of his attention
  • Do not taunt and curse anyone for this gives rise to collective evils in a person.
  • One should not judge a person by the number of Salaat (prayer) or Roza (fasting) but by his wisdom and honesty.
  • Prayer is connected to the heart not by mere apparent actions.
  • To educate a seeker of materialism is to place a sword in the hands of a highway robber.
  • Do not trust the character of one who cannot control his temper.
  • To laugh excessively is a sign of no remorse for death.
  • To side with the oppressor is oppression on the oppressed
  • Death is the best teacher.
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The Last Sahabi Who Died – Of Prophet Muhammad (SA) December 17, 2011

The Islamic Empire had stretched to a vast portion of the globe at that time, so in various parts of the empire people would value the remaining Sahaba, and historians have mentioned the last Sahabi in various parts of the empire. Abu Tufail ‘Amr ibn Wathila al-Leethi was the last one to die in Makkah and over-all.

Jannat ul-Baqi

Makkah:

ابو طفيل عمرو ابن واثله الليثى

He saw Allah’s Messenger in the the Last Hajj (Hijjat ul Widaa’).  He was young at that time, and he was asked, how your love for him was at that time. He replied, “Like the love of mother of Musa for Musa”. Abu Tufail ‘Amr ibn Wathila al-Leethi (May Allah be Pleased with him) was amongst Sh’iaan e ‘Ali.

Death: Abu Tufail ‘Amr ibn Wathila al-Leethi (May Allah be Pleased with him) died after 100 Hijri. Historians have mentioned three different narrations for his death: 100 Hijri, 107 Hijri or 110 Hijri. He died in Makkah.  Adh-Dahabi says the correct opinion is that he died in 110th Hijri.

Ibn ‘Asakir quotes a narration in Tareekh Madinah Damishq:

آخر من مات من أصحاب رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم على وجه الأرض عامر أبو الطفيل بن واثلة وكان يقول ما بقي على وجه الأرض أحد يقدر يقول أنه رأى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم غيري مات بمكة سنة مائة

“The last one to die from the companions (Sahaba) of Allah’s Messenger (Peace be upon him) on the face of the earth is ‘Aamir Abu Tufail bin Wathila and he used to say, ‘No one is left on the face of the earth who can say: I saw Allah’s Messenger, save me’. He died in Makkah in 100 Hijri”

Ibn-Hibban quotes a narration in Ath-Thiqaat :

عامر بن واثلة أبو الطفيل المكى أدرك ثمان سنين من حياة رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم ومات بمكة سنة سبع ومائة وهو آخر من مات من أصحاب رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم بمكة وهو من بنى كنانة

“‘Aamir bin Wathila Abu Tufail al-Makki got 8 years from the life of Allah’s messenger, and he died in Makkah in the year 107th Hijri, and he was the last one from the companions (Sahaba) of Allah’s Messenger to die in Makkah, and he was from Bani Kinanah”

Basrah:

As for other parts, the last sahabi to die in Basrah (part of present day Iraq) was:

انس بن مالك

He is one of the major narrators of hadith. He was ten years old when Allah’s Messenger entered Madinah and he used to serve him. He participated in many Ghazawaat and was a participant of Bai’at ur Ridwan. He remained as Imam of Salah in Basra for about 40 years.

Death: Anas bin Malik (May Allah be pleased with him) died at the age of 103 in 93rd Hijri in Basrah. Some historians mention his dead in 91st Hijri. Adh-Dhabi says the correct opinion is of 93rd Hijri.

Madinah:

The last Sahabi to die in Madinah is:

سهل بن سعد الساعدى

His father was a sahabi, Sa’d bin Malik (May Allah be pleased with him), who died in the times of Allah’s Messenger. He has narrated many ahaadith.

Death: Sahl bin Sa’d as-Saa’dee died in Madinah in 96th Hijri when he was 100 years old. According to Al-Waqidi he died in 91st Hijri. Adh-Dahabi says many have quoted his death in 91st Hijri.

جابر بن عبدالله ابن عمرو بن حرام

Ibn-Sa’d has quoted in his Tabqaat that Jabir bin ‘Abudllah bin ‘Amr bin Haram al-Ansaari (May Allah be pleased with him) was the last to die in Madinah, amongst the Sahaba. He witnessed the Second Ba’iah of ‘Aqabah and he was also present in Ba’iat ur Ridwan. And Adh-Dhahabi says when he died he was the last one to witness Ba’iah of ‘Aqabah. He has narrated many ahaadith. His father was a Sahabi who attained Shahadah in the battle of Uhud. He participated in the battle of Ahzaab and some narrators mention he was from amongst those who witnessed Badr. Al-Waqidi has mentioned a narration from him where he says he participated in sixteen ghazawaat with Allah’s Messenger.

Death: Ibn Sa’d narrates that he died in 77th Hijri and he was 84 years old then, and he was the governor of Madinah at that time. Al-Waqidi mentions his death in 78th Hijri. Adh-Dhahabi says he was 94 years old when he died.

Ash-Shaam:

The last Sahabi to die in Ash-Shaam (present day Syria, Jordan, Palestine etc.) was:

عبد الله بن بسر بن أبي بسر المازني

He has narrated very few ahadith and they are found in Sahah e Sitta. He was amongst those who opened the Island of Qabras in times of Uthman (May Allah be pleased with him).

Death: ‘Abudllah bin Basr bin Abi Basr Al-Maazni  (May Allah be pleased with him) died in Hams at the age of 100 in 94th Hijri according to al-Waqidi or 88th Hijri according to ibn ‘Asakir.

أبو أمامة الباهلي

Ibn Abdul Barr has mentioned Abu Umamah al-Bahili (May Allah be pleased with him) to be the last sahabi to die in ash-Shaam. Many scholars have narrated from him. Adh-Dhahabi says it is narrated that he participated in Ba’iah ur Ridwan.

Death: He died in 81st or 86th Hijri, and he was more than 80 years old.

Kufa:

The last Sahabi to die in Kufa (part of present day Iraq) was

عبد الله بن أبي أوفى

Adh-Dahabi says that he was present in Ba’it Ar-Ridwaan. His father was also a Sahabi. He has narrated many Ahadith.

Death: According to al-Waqidi he died in the year 86th Hijri and he was blind at that time. Adh-Dahabi says he died in 88th Hijri and he was near 100 years of age at that time.

Egypt:

The last Sahabi to die in Egypt was

عبد الله بن الحارث بن جزء أبو الحارث الزبيدي

He witnessed the opening of Egypt in times of ‘Umar bin al-Khattab (May Allah be pleased with him) and stayed there till his death.

Death: Narrations mention his death to be in 85th or 86th or 87th Hijri, Adh-Dhahabi says that 86th Hijri is the correct opinion.

Few scholars have narrated that many Sahabi Jinns existed many years later. According to one Syrian Sufi Scholar the last Sahabi died near Euphrates 70 years back from now, and he was a Jinn.

والله اعلم بالصواب

References to the above mentioned dates and names can be found in:

[1] الطبقات الكبرى – ابن سعد

[2] للحافظ الذهبى سير أعلام النبلاء

[3] تاريخ مدينه دمشق – ابن عساكر

[4] البدايه و النهايه – ابن كثير

Source

 

A New Year Gained or a New Year Lost ?? January 9, 2010

By Asma bint Shameem

Before we knew it, last year passed by like a flash and the new year is here…whether it is 2010 CE or 1431 of the Hijri Calendar.

For some people, the beginning of the new year is marked by excited countdowns, popping of firecrackers, partying till the wee hours of the morning and dancing.

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And for some, it is a time for somber thoughtfulness and self accountability.

Instead of celebrating, they are worried and scared.

Instead of partying, they think and reflect.

Their hearts tremble and their skins shiver.

Because each year that passes means a year LESS from their lifetime…..

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Each year that passes by is bringing them closer to their death….
Because, they know that with each passing year….each passing month….each passing day…..and each passing second…they are that much closer to that inevitable event when they meet their end, that much closer to their meeting with their Lord, when they will have to stand in front of Him and answer regarding all that they did.

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They are aware that whatever time has passed will never come back.
They know that if they did not make the most of their time, and if they did not use their time wisely, in the obedience of Allaah, then surely, they are the losers.

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Find out that beauty inside you. Coz you can Bloom but you don't want to

That is because, the Prophet (sal Allaahu Alaiyhi wa sallam) said:
“On the Day of Resurrection the feet of the son of Adam (man) will not move till he is questioned about four things: how he spent his lifetime, how he spent his youth, from where he acquired his wealth and how he spent it, and what he did with his knowledge.” (Tirmidhi)

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So they take account of themselves and their deeds at the end of a year….and at the end of a month…..and at the end of a day. They are not heedless of the passage of time or day. They are conscious of every second of their lives and how important it is to spend it usefully.

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You see, your life is like the pages of a calendar. As the months go by, you flip its pages, never to flip the pages back. Those months that have passed will never come back.

Similarly, as the days and weeks and months of your life go by, they too, will never come back.

What is gone, is gone.

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That is why the righteous Salaf were so careful about their time and how they spent it. They made sure that no time, however short it was, passed without doing something useful, like acquiring useful knowledge, doing good deeds, helping others, or advising the Ummah.

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Describing the Salafs care for time, Hasan al-Basri said: “I saw those people and how they were more careful about their time than about their Dirhams and Dinars (meaning, their money).

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Regarding Imaam Hammad ibn Salamah, someone said: “It is unbelievable! I have never seen Hammad laugh at all. He was always busy explaining hadeeth, praying, reading or praising the Lord. This is how he spent his day.” And:” If you were to tell Hammad, You are going to die tomorrow’, there would be nothing he could add to what he is already doing.”

Subhaan Allaah! What consciousness of the value of time!

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Ibn al-Qayyim says: “The year is like a tree, months are its branches, days are the branch sticks, hours are its leaves, and the breaths are its fruits. Therefore, if one’s breaths are in obedience [to Allah and His Messenger], the fruits of his tree are good. If they are in disobedience, his fruits are bitter. The harvest is on the Appointed Day, when one’s fruits are found out to be either good or bitter.”

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The Prophet (sal Allaahu Alaiyhi wa sallam) said:

“Make the most of five things before five others: life before death, health before sickness, free time before becoming busy, youth before old age, and wealth before poverty.” (Saheeh al-Jaami’)

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This Hadeeth, like so many other ahaadeeth of the Prophet (sal Allaahu Alaiyhi wa sallam), is brief, yet it is so comprehensive and loaded with meaning. Not only does it point out the value of time, but it also points out the importance of its proper utilization during our youth, and health. It urges us to take the initiative, and not to delay good deeds.

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The Prophet (sal Allaahu Alaiyhi wa sallam) also said:

“Lose no time to do good deeds before you are caught up by one of seven calamities awaiting you: a starvation which may impair your wisdom; a prosperity which may mislead you; an ailment which may damage your health; an old age which may harm your senses; a sudden death; the Dajjal; or Doomsday, which is indeed the hardest and most bitter.” [at-Tirmidhi]

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In fact, we see that the Sahaabah were not only careful about wasting their time; rather they would compete with one another in good deeds.

The noble and commendable competitions that occurred between Abu Bakr and Umar is well-known to all.

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“Umar saw that as an opportunity to outstrip Abu Bakr and he said: Today, I am going to surpass Abu Bakr.

He said: So I came with half of my property.

The Messenger of Allaah asked: What have you left for your family? I answered: As much as this.

Then Abu Bakr came with all that he has and the Messenger of Allaah said: What have you left for your family?

He replied: I left for them Allaah and his Messenger.

It is then that I said: I shall never compete with him on anything again.” (At-Tirmidhee).

And Allaah says: “So race in goodness.” (Surah Baqarah: 148)

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Some Ulamaa while commenting on the above verse said: “Whoever beats others to the righteous deeds in this world will be the foremost on the Last Day and the foremost people are the highest in position.”

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Dear brothers and sisters, mans life is not free from impediments, obstacles and calamities, which can prevent him from accomplishing what could have been done earlier. Wise are those who grab available opportunities before being handicapped by obstacles.

Let us leave those people moving aimlessly in their fake pleasures and ponder over a better and sublime competition……. a competition that is encouraged by the Glorious Quraan.

It is a race towards the Pleasure of Allaah and the Paradise….a competition in the field of righteous deeds.

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It is a competition in which the participants are wise people who are aware that this live is short hence they compete with one another in investing their lives in acts of obedience to Allaah.

“Therefore, race for forgiveness from your Lord, and for a Garden as wide as heaven and earth, prepared for those who believe in Allah and His Messengers. Such is the Favor of Allah; He gives it to whom He will. Allah is the Owner of great favor.”

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(Surah Hadeed: 21)

Learn more at MajesticIslam about:

THE GIFT OF PATIENCE ! (SABR)

Enlivening Our Hearts In & after Ramadan

Lofty Moral Lessons By Prophet (SA)

 

 
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