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Lessons To Learn From Hazrat Umar Farooq (RA) March 11, 2013

Filed under: Prophet's Companions — Faiz @ 9:13 am
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Gems of Wisdom by Ameer al-Mu’mineen
The Teachings Of Sayyiduna ‘Umar al-Farooq Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho

  • To eat less is healthy, to speak less is wisdom, and to sleep less is worship.
  • To speak less is wisdom, to eat less is healthy and to mingle less with the people is safe and serene.
  • The one who steps back will not progress.
  • Nothing is worst that avarice that destroys the mind, not even Alcohol.
  • It is unbecoming of that person who sits with his hands folded and prays to ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala for sustenance. ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala does not rain down gold and silver from the heavens.
  • To earn a suspicious living is worse than begging.
  • The biggest gift after Iman (Faith) is your wives.
  • Attain knowledge before old age settles in.
  • Extravagance is also when a person eats whatever he wishes.
  • Whosoever hides his secret keeps his safety, safeguarded with himself.
  • The person who calls himself learned, indeed he is ignorant, and the one who calls himself from the dwellers of Paradise surely he is from the dwellers of Hell.
  • Tawbatun-NasooHa (Accepted forgiveness) is the name of that forgiveness that is asked for a bad deed committed, in such a manner that he never returns to or commits that bad deed again.
  • The Strength in action is, never to put of what you can do today for tomorrow.
  • It is not becoming of a Muslim to sit down and start praying for sustenance without attempting to earn it, he is well aware that gold and silver does not rain from the skies.
  • If it wasn’t for the claim of knowledge of the unknown then I would say five people are from the dwellers of Paradise:
  1. That family man who is poverty stricken but is patient
  2. That women with whom her husband is happy and accepting.
  3. That woman who forgives he husband’s duty of Mehr (Dowry approved by Muslim law)
  4. That person with whom his parents are Happy
  5. And that person who honestly repents from his sins
  • Once a sheep was slaughtered and Syeduna ‘Umar al-Farooq Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho persistently asked his servant if he had first sent meat to his neighbour who was a Jew. The slave asked why you are asking the same question persistently. He answered that ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala and his Rasūl Sallallaho Alaihi wa Sallam had constantly stressed the importance of neighbors therefore I too am persistent in stressing the same.
  • Three things build love:
  1. To make Salam (greeting)
  2. To make space for a person in a gathering
  3. To address a person in a respectable and good manner
  •  There are four types of Regrets:
  1. Regret that spans over a day e.g. When a person leaves his home without eating.
  2. Regret that spans over a year, just like the negligence shown when cultivating.
  3. Regret that spans over a lifetime, when a man and his wife are unsuited to each other.
  4. Regret that is eternal, which is when your Creator is unhappy with you.
  • There are three types of people:
  1. Successful: he who listens to the advice of people and ponders over it.
  2. Lazy or Lethargic: he who does what he wants without consultation or advice of people.
  3. Corpse: who neither gives nor listens to advice and consolation.
  • Sayyiduna ‘Umar Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho on many an occasion asked this du’a (supplication) to ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala so that certain situations should always remain with him and some things should be removed, the Du’a is: “O ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala! Make me such that I may speak with intellect or reap tolerance with silent. O! ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala do not bestow upon me too many favours, so that I may not be confused by it, not too little that I may forget You. Hence, little yet sufficient in comparison to having plenty thereby becoming indulgent and committing sin.”
  • If ever you see a learned person (‘Aalim) leaning towards this World, then know this he is blameworthy for his Religion, because the universal harm is that if a person desires something then he is constantly engrossed in its quest.
  • Faith (Iman) is to regard the Oneness of ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala in ones heart proclaim it with your tongue and to obey the fundamental Islamic Instructions.
  • The relationship of true humility and genuine fear of ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala is with the heart and not by a show of outward actions.
  • Why have you made slaves of those whose mothers had given birth to them free?
  • Judgments or Settlements in any cases should be done quickly, so that the accused, due to a prolonged period of time are not compelled to withdraw their accusation.
  • It is absolutely necessary not to associate with a beast for though he wishes or means well, yet he would still be accused of committing a crime.
  • ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala, shower your Blessings of Mercy on that person who informs me of my faults.
  • When a learned man takes a false step then he ensnares himself in a World of wrongdoings.
  • One day a man was praising Hadrat ‘Umar Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho, he replied by saying why are you destroying me even more with my desires (Nafs).
  • I do not look at anything, except, that I see everything with ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala.
  • If I die in this condition that I have strived to earn an honest living then it is more beloved to me than even dying as a Martyr.
  • Good behavior towards people is equivalent to wisdom, to request politely is half of knowledge, and to ascribe to sound policies is half of one’s livelihood.
  • To educate a material person is like placing a sword in the hands of a robber.
  • Do not have Faith in a person’s compassion and politeness when he cannot keep his anger under control.
  • Do not have Faith in a religious person who is not tested during temptation.
  • He is a friend who brings to your attention your faults and to sing praises of a person in his presence is similar to slaughtering him.
  • Laughing decreases ones age, while politeness, glamour, pomp and show which ease living standards are indications of people who are unaware of death.
  • To show greed and avarice is impoverishing, to be unselfish is enriching and to wish compensation in patience.
  • Good deeds are the fulfillment of one’s rights and to do good deeds is a substitute for bad deeds.
  • To speak less is wisdom, to eat less is healthy, to sleep less is a prayer and there is peace in solitude.
  • Youth before old age and old age before death is a blessing of life.
  • A generous person is the beloved of Almighty ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala even though he is a transgressor. A miser is the enemy of Almighty ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala although he may pray and remember Almighty ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala excessively.
  • To forgive an oppressor is oppression upon the oppressed.
  • When you combine lawful with unlawful gains then the unlawful contaminates the lawful gains though it may be little.
  • A Mu’min does not keep as his friend one who is opposed to Almighty ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala and his Prophet Sallallaho Alaihi wa Sallam even though that person may be his mother or father.
  • The sound of music and that of a mourner are two of the worst sounds.
  • There is tranquility and peace in anonymity and confidentiality.
  • We should leave the other nine portions out for the fear of Haram (unlawful). (i.e. if in ten portions one is Haram a Muslim would leave the other nine portions out meaning anything unlawful would be completely left out).
  • Desire is never achieved without fear, nor manners and etiquette without formality, or happiness without peace or wealth without gifts or poverty without contentment, or dignity without politeness or Jihad (holy war) without diving guidance and assistance.
  • Respite before preoccupation and old age before death is a blessing of life.
  • Honour and dignity in this World is measured by wealth while honour and dignity in the Hereafter is measured by good deeds.
  • Save yourself from the Fires of Hell even if it means by doing a favour with half a date (fruit). If this too is not possible then with sweet words.
  • After Iman (Faith), there is no greater gift than a pious wife.
  • Not to postpone is strength in action.
  • Whosoever shows you your faults, he is your friend. Those that pay you lip service in praise are your executioners.
  • One who guards his secrets is surely safe.
  • The person who constantly discloses my faults to me is dearest to me.
  • Fear that person who you dislike.
  • When Sayyiduna ‘Umar Radi ALLAHu Ta’ala Anho camped on the outskirts of Jerusalem to conquer Bait al-Maqdas, the Christian Crusaders were terrified of his presence and requested a meeting with him before handing over the keys of the city. The Crusaders met him whilst he wore a patched garb. They asked him the reason as to why his name generated such immence awe and fear that captured the hearts of his enemies. He replied; “Your kings taught you to love the World (Duniyah) and its wealth and our Prophet Sallallaho Alaihi wa Sallam taught us to fear ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala and love death.
  • He is an intelligent person who can translate his actions into good.
  • Never put off for tomorrow what you can do today.
  • There is never a chance of pain in the neck if one does not raise his head too high in the air.
  • Do not forget about yourself whilst being concerned for others.
  • To stop sinning is easier than to bear the burden of seeking repentance.
  • Remove your gaze from the splendor of the World. Do not let the love of this World enter your heart. Beware! The love of this World does not perhaps destroy you, just as it had destroyed previous nations.
  • Victory is gained through strategy and trust in ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala, not by wishful thinking.
  • The most intelligent amongst you is he who fears ALLAH SubHanuhu wa Ta’ala the most.
  • Be sympathetic towards the poor so that they may be able to speak and build courage.
  • Extend a hand of friendship to a foreigner because if his stay is extended then he would leave his valuable possessions to return to his own country and leave that person responsible for his valuables who had been most worthy of his attention
  • Do not taunt and curse anyone for this gives rise to collective evils in a person.
  • One should not judge a person by the number of Salaat (prayer) or Roza (fasting) but by his wisdom and honesty.
  • Prayer is connected to the heart not by mere apparent actions.
  • To educate a seeker of materialism is to place a sword in the hands of a highway robber.
  • Do not trust the character of one who cannot control his temper.
  • To laugh excessively is a sign of no remorse for death.
  • To side with the oppressor is oppression on the oppressed
  • Death is the best teacher.
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Facts about Quran E Majeed You Would Love To Know! August 12, 2011

Listed below are some fascinating facts about Quran E Majeed. I am sure you will love to know it and to share with your fellow brothers and sisters.

Compilation:
1] Qur’an is divided into 30 sections (Ajza)
2] There are 114 Surahs of the Qur’an. Longest is Surah Al Baqrah (286 Verses), the shortest is Surah al-Kawthar (“Abundance” with 3 verses)
3] Prophet Muhammad saws Facts of Quran received the first revelation in 610AD at the Cave of Hira (Ghar ul Hira)
4] There are a total of 6236 verses in the Qur’an
5] The revelation continued for a period of 22 years, 5 months and 14 days approximately until the demise of the Prophet in 633AD or 11 AH (After Hijrah – the migration of Prophet Muhammad saws Facts of Quran from Mecca to Medina)

The compilation of the Qur’an:

This passed through 4 stages:

Stage 1 – Upto the death of Prophet Muhammad saws Facts of Quran PBUH

  • A great number of Companions (Sahaba) committed the Qur’an to memory.
  • The various Surah’s of the Qur’an were written down on parchment, wooden tablets, soft stone, palm leaves and bits of leather.
  • Therefore during the lifetime of the Prophet the Qur’an was preserved by both memory and by writing in various forms. One of which validated and authenticated the other.
  • Since Prophet Muhammad saws Facts of Quran could not read or write himself, he memorised the Qur’an whilst his Companions both memorised and wrote it down.
  • During the Ramadhan before his demise, the Qur’an was rechecked and reconfirmed twice

Stage 2 – The Caliphate of Abu Bakr (ra) (died 634AD)

  • Abu Bakr (ra) asked Zaid bin Thabit (ra), one of the scribes of the revelation to put the Qur’an together in a single volume.
  • The instructions of arranging the order of the Qur’an in terms of it’s surahs was well known due to the clear instruction of our beloved Prophet Muhammad saws Facts of Quran during his lifetime to his Companions.
  • Zaid (ra), in consultation with the various Sahaba, collated a single ‘Mushaf’ or copy of the Qur’an. The process of validating and authenticating what was written was facilitated by Zaid’s rigourous approach in ensuring that nothing was written down until certain test were carried out in the interest of legitimacy by at least two witnesses i.e. the document itself provided by a Companion supported by the evidence of other Companions who had committed it to memory.
  • Therefore the first Mushaf was compiled during the Caliphate of Abu Bakr (ra)
  • It was written on sheets and was tied with strings

Stage 3 – The Caliphate of Umar (ra) (Died 644)

  • Concerted efforts were made to learn the Qur’an through the process of memorization
  • Abu Darda (in Syria) alone assisted 1600 students in his Qur’anic classes
  • The Mushaf, the first copy of the Qur’an came into the possession of Umm Ul Mumineen Hafsa (ra), the widow of the Messenger of Allah allah Facts of Quran during Umar’s Caliphate

Stage 4 – The Caliphate of Uthman ibn Uffan (ra) (Died 655AD)

  • By approval of our beloved Prophet Muhammad saws Facts of Quran, a dialectal variation related to some of the words of the Qur’an had been practiced among the various Arab tribes.
  • As Islam spread, this caused much confusion especially after the expansion of Islam into non-Arab lands
  • Also, there were still occurrences whereby some Companions wrote down what they heard from the Prophet and did not have it verified. This obviously introduced an element of risk that mistakes, grammatical or otherwise could have crept into these ‘personal’ writings of some of these people
  • Uthman (ra) , quite rightly sanctioned the preparation of a single Qur’an for all the Muslims. Once again, Zaid bin Thabit (along with 3 other Companions of our beloved Prophet Muhammad saws Facts of Quran was engaged in comparing the Mushaf in the possession of Umm Ul Mumineen Hafsa (ra) with existing copies in the custody of other Companions. As instructed by Uthman, wherever a dialectical version was noticed, it was replaced by the dialect of the Quraish, the tribe of Prophet Muhammad saws Facts of Quran.
  • Seven or Eight copies of this Mushaf was distributed to the major Muslim centers in the Islamic World. All other copies were recalled and destroyed. Any further copies were made on the basis of these seven or eight.

The Present Day

  • Two copies of the original Mushaf of Uthman still exist. One in Topkapi Museum in Istanbul, Turkey and the second at Tashkent in Uzbekistan. The national library of Karachi in Pakistan have a copy of the Mushaf which is in Tashkent which was presented to Ayyub Khan in 1965 on a visit to Russia (Uzbekistan was then part of the former USSR)
  • Muslims continue to read, learn and memorise the same Qur’an.
  • Although a number of symbols were introduced into the Qur’anic script, notably during the reign of Hajjaj bin Yusuf, the meaning of the Qur’an has not changed. These were introduced to make the reading and recitation of the Qur’an easier for non Arabs.
  • The Qur’an has been preserved through both it’s written and memorised form. Today it is available on a range of media, i.e. CD’s, MP3, Audio Cassette etc.
  • From Singapore to Spain, the same Qur’an is recited, with the same meaning as the original.

Allah allah Facts of Quran has promised in the Qur’an :

“We have, without doubt, sent down the Message; and We will assuredly Guard it (from corruption). [Al-Qur’an 15:9]

Courtesy of Muhammad Shafiq

Source: Hamza Jennings

 

 
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